Many Shades of Loose Diamonds
Volcanic eruptions below the earth’s surface bring the diamonds within reach to diamond harvesters. This is a time consuming method of obtaining one of the most gorgeous stones the world has to offer. Various factors can determine a diamond’s color. Boron turns the diamond blue while nitrogen can turn the stone yellow. How awesome would it be to have a blue engagement ring? Other factors such as radiation exposure can also alter the shade of the diamond. Diamonds are made of carbon atoms that are strongly bonded together. Synthetic diamonds, like cubic zirconium, are also produced and are significantly more affordable than the real deal. They share a lot of the qualities of a real diamond and look very similar. However, the diamond is one of the hardest natural materials in the world. You can only cut or chip a diamond with another diamond. That is just remarkable!
One of the most famous loose diamonds in the world is the Hope Diamond. Weighing in at a striking 45.52 carats, this diamond is owned by the Smithsonian Natural History Museum located in Washington, D.C. but was found in India. The huge stone is allegedly cursed and will bring vast misfortune to its owner. However, this idea of a curse was more than likely invented by Western writers to increase popularity and mystery. The gem itself is deep blue in color and actually used to be bigger! It is believed that the rock started out at over 115 carats.
It changed hands a few different times and no one knows who the original owner was. Jean Baptiste Tavernier was the first known owner. He actually sold what would eventually become the Hope Diamond to Louis XIV around 1668. The original rock was cut a few different times which resulted in the present shape and weight of the Hope Diamond. What a marvelous and mysterious story of such a world famous rock. Who would have thought something so precious and so old would be on display in our country for anyone to enjoy it?